A couple of good import tools from china photos I identified:
delighting “me” always
Image by Shaojin+AT
delighting "me" usually
Image: I suppose to focus my camera on the sculpture instead of on the pink lady. Nevertheless, I was surprised when I got house with this result, my camera selected to focus on pink lady! It is delighting me!!!
Canon, delighting you often…
Place: 798 Art Zone, Beijing. China
798 Art Zone (Chinese: 798艺术区 pinyin: 798 Yìshùqū), or Dashanzi Art District, is a component of Dashanzi in the Chaoyang District of Beijing that houses a thriving artistic neighborhood, amongst 50-year old decommissioned military factory buildings of exclusive architectural style. It is often compared with New York’s Greenwich Village or SoHo.
The area is usually named the 798 Art District or Factory 798 even though technically, Factory #798 is only a single of many structures inside a complex formerly recognized as Joint Factory 718. The buildings are situated inside alleys number 2 and four on Jiǔxiānqiáo Lù (酒仙桥路), south of the Dàshānziqiáo flyover (大山子桥).
798 Space gallery, Jan,2009. Old Maoist slogans are visible on the ceiling arches.
The Dashanzi factory complex began as an extension of the "Socialist Unification Plan" of military-industrial cooperation amongst the Soviet Union and the newly formed People’s Republic of China. By 1951, 156 "joint factory" projects had been realized below that agreement, portion of the Chinese government’s first Five-Year Strategy. Nonetheless the People’s Liberation Army nonetheless had a dire require of modern electronic elements, which have been made in only two of the joint factories. The Russians had been unwilling to undertake an added project at the time, and recommended that the Chinese turn to East Germany from which significantly of the Soviet Union’s electronics gear was imported. So at the request of then-Premier Zhou Enlai, scientists and engineers joined the very first Chinese trade delegation to East Germany in 1951, visiting a dozen factories. The project was greenlighted in early 1952 and a Chinese preparatory group was sent to East Berlin to prepare style plans. This project, which was to be the largest by East Germany in China, was then informally known as Project #157.
The architectural plans were left to the Germans, who chose a functional Bauhaus-influenced style over the a lot more ornamental Soviet style, triggering the initial of several disputes between the German and Russian consultants on the project. The plans, where type follows function, known as for huge indoor spaces made to let the maximum quantity of natural light into the workplace. Arch-supported sections of the ceiling would curve upwards then fall diagonally along the high slanted banks or windows this pattern would be repeated a number of times in the larger rooms, providing the roof its characteristic sawtooth-like look. In spite of Beijing’s northern location, the windows have been all to face north due to the fact the light from that direction would cast fewer shadows.
The selected location was a 640,000 square metres location in Dashanzi, then a low-lying patch of farmland northeast of Beijing. The complex was to occupy 500,000 square metres, 370,000 of which were allocated to living quarters. It was officially named Joint Factory 718, following the Chinese government’s technique of naming military factories beginning with the number 7. Totally funded by the Chinese side, the initial budget was enormous for the instances: 9 million rubles or around 140 million RMB (US million) at today’s rates actual costs were 147 million RMB.
Ground was broken in April 1954. Building was marked by disagreements between the Chinese, Soviet and German experts, which led at one particular point to a six-month postponement of the project. The Germans’ harshest critic was the Russian technology consultant in charge of Beijing’s two Soviet-constructed electronics factories (714 and 738), who was also head consultant of the Radio Industrial Workplace of the Second Ministry of Machine Developing Market. The disputes typically revolved about the Germans’ high but expensive high quality requirements for buildings and machines, which were known as "over-engineering" by the Russians. Amongst such points of contention was the Germans’ insistence, historical seismic information in hand, that the buildings be constructed to withstand earthquakes of magnitude 8 on the Richter scale, whereas the Chinese and Russians wanted to settle for 7. Communications professional Wang Zheng, head of Communications Business in the Chinese Ministry of National Defense and supporter the East German bid from the begin, ruled in favor of the Germans for this distinct factory.
At the height of the building work, much more than 100 East German foreign experts worked on the project. The resources of as several as 22 of their factories supplied the construction at the identical time, supply delays were caused by the Soviet Red Army’s tremendous drain on East Germany’s industrial production. The equipment was transported directly through the Soviet Union by means of the Trans-Siberian railway, and a 15 km track of railroad among Beijing Railway Station and Dongjiao Station was built specifically to service the factory. Caltech-educated scientist Dr. Luo Peilin (罗沛霖), formerly head of the preparatory group in 1951-1953, was Head Engineer of Joint Factory 718 in the course of its building phase. Dr. Luo, now retired in Beijing, is remembered by his former colleagues as a committed perfectionist whose commitment to the obstacle-strewn project was a major issue of its eventual good results.
Joint Factory 718 began production in 1957, amid a grandiose opening ceremony and show of Communist brotherhood among China and East Germany, attended by high officials of each nations. The 1st director was Li Rui (李瑞), who had been involved in the early negotiations in Berlin.
The factory swiftly established a reputation for itself as 1 of the best in China. Via its a number of danwei or "work units", it supplied considerable social positive aspects to its 10,000-20,000 workers, specifically thinking about the relative poverty of the country in the course of such periods as the Excellent Leap Forward. The factory boasted, among other folks:
the ideal housing available to workers in Beijing, providing completely furnished rooms to whole households for significantly less than 1/30 of the workers’ earnings
diverse extracurricular activities such as social and sporting events, dancing, swimming, and education classes
its personal athletics, soccer, basketball and volleyball teams for men and ladies, ranked among the greatest in inter-factory competitions
a brigade of German-made motorcycles, performing races and stunt demonstrations
an orchestra that played not only revolutionary hymns, but also German-influenced classical Western music
literary clubs and publications, and a library furnished with Chinese and foreign (German) books
Jiuxianqiao hospital, featuring German gear and providing the most sophisticated dental facilities in China.
The factory even had its personal volunteer military reserves or jinweishi (近卫师), which numbered hundreds and had been equipped with large-scale weapons and anti-aircraft guns.
Workers’ skills were honed by frequent personnel exchanges, internships and instruction in cooperation with East Germany. Distinct incentives kept motivation higher, such as rewards systems and "model worker" distinctions. At the identical time, political activities such as Maoism study workshops kept the workers in line with Communist Party of China doctrine. In the course of the Cultural revolution, propaganda slogans for Mao Zedong Believed had been painted on the ceiling arches in vibrant red characters (exactly where they remain these days at the latter tenants’ request).
Frequent VIP visits contributed to the festive atmosphere. Notable guests integrated Deng Xiaoping, Jiang Zemin, Liu Shaoqi, Zhu De, and Kim Il-Sung.
The Joint Factory made a wide selection of military and civilian gear. Civilian production incorporated acoustic gear for Beijing’s Workers’ Stadium and Excellent Hall of the Men and women, as nicely as all the loudspeakers on Tiananmen Square and Chang’an Avenue. Military elements were also exported to China’s Communist allies, and helped establish North Korea’s wireless electronics sector.
One particular of the old machine tools in front of some contemporary art in Dec 2005
Right after ten years of operation, Joint Factory 718 was split into far more manageable elements, such as sub-Factories 706, 707, 751, 761, 797 and 798. The 1st Head of sub-Factory 798 (the biggest) was Branch Party Secretary Fu Ke (傅克), who played a significant function in recruiting skilled workers from southern China and among returned overseas Chinese.
Nevertheless, the factory came under stress in the course of Deng Xiaoping’s reforms of the 1980s. Deprived of governmental help like a lot of state-owned enterprises, it underwent a gradual decline and was eventually rendered obsolete. By the late 1980s and early 1990s, most sub-factories had ceased production, 60% of the workers had been laid off, and the remains of the management were reconstituted as a genuine-estate operation known as "Seven-Star Huadian Science and Technology Group", charged with overseeing the industrial park and locating tenants for the abandoned buildings.
The Dashanzi factory complicated was vacated at about the time when most of Beijing’s modern artist neighborhood was seeking for a new home. Avant-garde art becoming frowned upon by the government, the neighborhood had traditionally existed on the fringes of the city. From 1984 to 1993, they worked in run-down houses near the Old Summer Palace (Yuanmingyuan) in northwestern Beijing, until their eviction. They had then moved to the eastern Tongxian County (now Tongzhou District), more than an hour’s drive from the city center.
Then in 1995, Beijing’s Central Academy of Fine Arts (CAFA), looking for low cost, ample workshop space away from downtown, set up in the now defunct Factory 706. The short-term move became permanent and in 2000 Sui Jianguo(隋建国), Dean of the Department of Sculpture, positioned his own studio in the region. The cluttered sculpture workshops have constantly remained open for guests to peek at the dozens of workers milling about.
In 2001, Texan Robert Bernell moved his Timezone eight Art Books bookshop and publishing office (founded in 1997) into a former factory canteen he was the 1st foreigner to move in. One of Timezone 8’s early staff was fashion designer Xiao Li, who along her husband, overall performance artist Cang Xin, helped artists safe and rent spaces in the location.
By means of word-of-mouth, artists and designers began trickling in, attracted to the vast cathedral-like spaces. In spite of the lack of any conscious aesthetic in the Bauhaus-inspired style, which grounded architectural beauty in practical, industrial function, the swooping arcs and soaring chimneys had an uplifting impact on contemporary eyes, a sort of post-industrial chic. At the artists’ requests, workers renovating the spaces preserved the prominent Maoist slogans on the arches, adding a touch of ironic "Mao kitsch" to the place.
Later that year, Mr. Tabata Yukihito from Japan’s Tokyo Gallery set up Beijing Tokyo Art Projects (BTAP, 北京东京艺术工程) inside a 400-m² division of Factory 798’s principal region this was the very first renovated space featuring the higher arched ceilings that would become synonymous with the Art District. BTAP’s 2002 opening exhibition "Beijing Afloat" (curator: Feng Boyi), drew a crowd of over 1,000 men and women and marked the starting of the well-known infatuation with the location.
In 2002, designer artist Huang Rui (黄锐) and hutong photographer Xu Yong (徐勇) set up the 798 Space gallery (时态空间) subsequent to BTAP. With its cavernous 1200-m² floor and several-arched ceilings at the center of Factory 798, it was and nevertheless is the symbolic center of the complete district. (Huang and Xu given that designed at least seven spaces in the area and became the prime movers and de facto spokespersons of the District.) A glass-fronted café was set up in the former workplace section at the back of the 798 space, opening into a back alley now lined with studios and restaurants such as Huang’s own At Café, and Cang Xin’s #six Sichuan restaurant, the area’s "canteen".
In 2003, Lu Jie (卢杰) set up the Extended March Foundation, an ongoing project for artistic re-interpretation of the historical Long March, inside the 25,000 Li Cultural Transmission Center (二万五千里文化传播中心). About that time, Singapore-owned China Art Seasons (北京季节画廊) opened for show for pan-Asian art, and was a single of many new galleries setting up at that time.
Supply from: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/798_Art_Zone
Image from page 77 of “Farquhar’s catalogue of seeds 1900 : plants, bulbs tools fertilizers, sundries” (1900)
Image by Web Archive Book Photos
Title: Farquhar’s catalogue of seeds 1900 : plants, bulbs tools fertilizers, sundries
Year: 1900 (1900s)
Authors: R. & J. Farquhar Organization Henry G. Gilbert Nursery and Seed Trade Catalog Collection
Subjects: Nurseries (Horticulture) Massachusetts Boston Catalogs Nursery stock Massachusetts Boston Catalogs Vegetables Seeds Massachusetts Boston Catalogs Flowers Seeds Massachusetts Boston Catalogs Aquatic plants Massachusetts Boston Catalogs Trees Massachusetts Boston Catalogs
Publisher: Boston, Mass. : R. & J. Farquhar
Click here to view book online to see this illustration in context in a browseable on the internet version of this book.
Text Appearing Prior to Image:
oreappreciated and we shall doubtless quickly see many un-sightly muddy pools transformed by their magnificentfoliage and gorgeous blooms. Their starchy rhizomeswill locate ready purchasers amongst our Chinese residentswho now import them from China for eating. Theyare easily raised from seeds which need to be sownearly in the spring in sandy loam, covered half an inchand the pots submerged in water at a temperature of70 degrees which must be maintained. Album Grandiflorum. The largest white 50 Kermesinum. Crimson, very fine 50 Luteum. (American Lotus.) Large yellow frag-rant flowers .15 Pekinense Rubrum. Deep red .20 Shiroman. Double white. New 25 Speciosum Egyptian Lotus. Massive pink flowers .15 5640 NEilESIA Strumosa Suttoni. Finest nixed. A splendid annual for modest beds with very attractiveflowers. The colors include white, yellow, orange,pink and crimson. Height, eighteen inches 20 554f5550555255535555556055G5557055725575 55855500 559556005605 5610561556205625 563056355636 563756385639
Text Appearing After Image:
NHMOPHILA MACULATA. NEMOPHILA. Splendid free of charge flowering, dwarf hardyannuals, with cup-shaped flowers of several bright colors,the blue shades getting specifically fascinating. Theyshould be planted in moist soil, partial shade beingfavorable. Height, 1 foot. 5645 Finest flixed. Which includes white, lilac, brown and many shades of blue ounce .25 .05 5646 Atomaria. White with little black dots 05 5647 Discoidalis. Lustrous dark purple with white edge . .05 Pkt. .05 .05, .05 No. NEMOPHILA —Continued. 5648 Insignis. Stunning light blue 5649 — Alba. Pure white 5650 flaculata. White spotted with deep violet . . 5652 NERTERA Depressa. (Coral Berry.) A charmingdwarf plant for the conservatory. The tiny leaves forma dense close green mat about two inches above theground which becomes covered with little orange redberries tender perennial • . . .25
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Image from web page 568 of “Railway mechanical engineer” (1916)
Image by Net Archive Book Pictures
Title: Railway mechanical engineer
Year: 1916 (1910s)
Subjects: Railroad engineering Engineering Railroads Railroad cars
Publisher: New York, N.Y. : Simmons-Boardman Pub. Co
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Text Appearing Prior to Image:
r-house was operating. The fan was driven at onetime by a jacked-up Ford car, but mainly by a venerable port-capable steam engine, salvaged from a scrap-heap. By the finish of 1917, however, the establishment was up to m^^^ ■•:^^^f^^. 1 -. T^T_. ■ , ^^W^^i j8sd«gg«r,if., Machine Shop In the course of Installation of Machine Tools, September, 1917 There were officers and men from India, China, South Africa,South America and Australia and numbers of other folks whohad by no means been outdoors the Old Nation prior to the war.There was practically nothing of trades union restriction about thesemen. Machinists, blacksmiths, boilermakers, pattern-makersor moulders, dug and mixed concrete for foundations, constructed strength and the shops almost in complete swing. There had beenlo5 locomotives erected and a start off had been created with heavy—some very heavy—repairs. Up to the finish of December, 1918, 2J2 new locomotiveswere erected and 370 engines were repaired, two,073 pairs ofwheels were turned up and 275 wheels re-tired, 737 tons of
Text Appearing Right after Image:
The Foundry as it Appeared December. 1917: Note the Cupola Built Out of a Corrugated Furnace huts, erected shops, rigged derricks or did the subsequent job thathad to be completed, what ever it may well be. The erection of engines imported from Canada and theUnited States was commenced virtually as soon as the machinetool et|uipment began to arrive and months prior to the craneswere u|i, and proceeded simultaneously with the developing andinternal preparation of the shops. The 1st two engines wereturned out together early in July, 1917. forgings were turned out, 2,186 tons of iron castings and 168tons of brass. The average output for 1918 is shown in thetable. All through the operation of the shops the function was grave-ly handicapped by the extraordinar) range of engines to bedealt with, the exceptionally undesirable condition of several that hadworked for years without having a good repair, the paucity of operate-ing drawings and the impossibility of either obtaining or 550 RAILWAY MECHANICAL ENGINEER Vol. 93, No. 9 preserve
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(Posted by a China Sourcing Agent)